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Covid-19在2020年主导了头条新闻,它对消防行业产生了深远的影响。TheBigredGuide.com发布了许多关于大流行和其影响的文章,其中一些是一年中最读的文章之一。此回顾性将突出一些与原始内容的链接相关的一些相关的文章。在英国发布的消防行业协会(FIA)发表了一个关于冠状病毒大流行影响的调查报告

这项调查由FIA进行,力求获得对如何组织已被COVID-19和现在的广消防行业的影响和未来的影响的认识。韧性是在FIA报告中反复出现的主题。在调查的时候(当英国是刚刚过去的冠状峰值),共有81%的受访预计他们可以继续在当前形势下工作三个月以上。

快速传播的病毒

大约四分之一的预期他们的业务可以持续六个月(23.4%),另一季度受访者预计他们可以持续一年(23.4%)。第一响应者是最新的Covid-19健康危机的前线。世界各地 - 世界各地 - EMS部门面临着快速蔓延的病毒的不确定性。一个早期的问题是面部面具的短缺。随着案例飙升,救护车公司也更加困难,以获得其他所需的供应。

围绕美国 - 以及世界各地 - EMS部门面临着一个快速传播的病毒的不确定性

在金县,华盛顿的COVID-19例,美国早期的震中,华盛顿州柯克兰,消防员和柯克兰警察被置于隔离后经过高级护理设施的爆发后。消防员在家中或在当地的消防局被隔离。消防站是独特的环境,条件可能有利于新型冠状病毒/ Covid-19的传播。

市消防​​部门

消防队员在现场进行24小时轮班近距离,然后回家给家人。关于“热”消防站报告有助于强调必须遵循最佳做法,以避免疾病的传播。消防部门安全官员协会(FDSOA)编译了指南列表该部门可以实践,以减少和/或避免上班人员的交叉污染。

在对消防行业的其他影响中,COVID-19全球大流行造成了严重破坏行业贸易展日程表,具有取消或延误的重大事件。县,市消防部门作为地方政府与支出冻结,冻结招聘和削减开支的COVID-19引起的经济衰退做出反应也受到了影响。一些地方政府希望来自国家和/或联邦一级的帮助。

应对经济衰退

虽然一些政府有“下雨天的基金”来解决经济衰退,但并非所有人都这样做。此外,目前经济危机的程度可能超过了我们最严重的恐惧。建议削减预算对一些消防和EMS部门都在10%至25%范围内.冠状病毒关机的结果取消了数百个美国各地的志愿消防队募捐- 从鱼薯到宾果酱到猪烤到鸡肉烧烤。

在Covid-19大流行期间,从家庭加速工作的趋势

没有更多的嘉年华或意大利面子或枪莱佛士。和部门失去了数千美元。消防员习惯于佩戴保护齿轮,但是某一个美国地区环境豁免了第一个响应者遵守面具授权,以解决冠状病毒风险。新罕布什尔州朴茨茅斯市议会提出了修正案豁免首先响应者遵守城市的面板条例

确保社交疏远

具体而言,所提出的修正案指出,“获豁免要求穿戴面覆盖物的法令的规定,包括执法人员,第一响应者或其他工作人员,谁是积极投身于自己的任务,如果穿面覆盖可能会阻碍他们的表现。”在COVID-19大流行,对在家工作的趋势加速。

新技术使人们有可能为911个调度员在家工作,是否确保社会隔离或在紧急情况下不断发展,以补充业务。计算机辅助调度(CAD)系统提供基于Web的界面和移动功能,可实现公共安全应答点(PSAP)运营商能够从任何地方工作.其他为调度员在家工作铺平道路的技术包括云、虚拟专用网络(vpn)和更快的数据速度。

阻止消防队员进入

适应工作空间在大流行期间安全地运作并发症,这并非最不重要的是,确保采取保护员工免受感染的措施不会破坏消防安全。在改变建筑物以防止感染传播的过程中,存在风险介绍新的生命安全隐患和妥协应急准备。

同样重要的是,以避免阻塞消防员通道及设施

由于建筑物适应新入住的标准和要求,这是至关重要的任何保护措施不符合生命安全系统的操作。可能临时分区或障碍,消防应急期间阻止逃生路线?社会隔离措施可能引起阻塞紧急情况存在,破坏居住者的流动看空出一个建筑物。同样重要的是,以避免阻塞消防员通道和设施。

职业选择

Covid-19大流行正在扰乱我们业务生活的各个方面。但埋藏中断是一个机会。新狼吞灯的工人可以将这作为培训的适当时机,以扩大其职业选择。与此同时,员工仍然可以发现取消或推迟的项目意味着他们有时间在他们的手上。培训可以使他们成为最多的时间。

在人的训练停下来,当然,由于社会疏远的要求。填补空白的新的在线学习机会

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拉里•安德森
拉里•安德森编辑器,thebigredguide.com,诺丁山媒体

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联邦存款保险公司国际2021年评论:尽管8月炎热,但在挥之不去的大流行中,节目取得了胜利
联邦存款保险公司国际2021年评论:尽管8月炎热,但在挥之不去的大流行中,节目取得了胜利

自2019年以来首次在印第安纳波利斯回来,FDIC International 2021提供了全面的会议,动手培训和设备展览会。出勤率下降,但在取消和延迟造成的Covid-19大流行后,每个人都觉得很高兴回到展会上。尽管对Covid-19和Delta变体持续令人担忧,但掩蔽合规性很低。很少有社会疏远。在许多方面,该节目似乎回到了正常。该活动的亮点是国家堕落的消防员基金会(NFFF)9/11楼梯攀登。对于与会者来说,这是一个方法,以纪念并记住消防社区中的人,他们在9/11悲剧中给予了生命。数以百计的FDIC参与者通过攀登或走上世界贸易中心的110个故事等同于致敬。MSA的MANAR手持设备在始终如一,安全是FDIC展览中的巨大主题,包括在手持工具中的开发,安全是FDIC展览的巨大主题,包括手持工具的开发。MSA安全显示了新的月球手持设备,有助于将消防队连接,将方向和距离信息与热成像进行连接,以帮助查找分隔的队友并减少响应时间。 LUNAR uses cloud technology to increase fire-scene management capabilities for incident commanders. LUNAR can be used as a stand-alone device or as part of an MSA SCBA (self-contained breathing apparatus) system. Thermal imaging with edge detection identifies hot spots and ventilation points, so as to simplify navigation through low-visibility environments. Tethered drone and Reveal FirePRO X thermal camera FotoKite (Perspective Robotics AG), which has a joint development agreement with MSA Safety, featured a tethered drone that hovers over the site of an emergency, in order to provide networking capabilities through the tether for better connectivity. Seek Thermal offers the ‘smallest and lightest’ thermal imaging camera, available for US$ 799 and seeks to bring the benefits of thermal technology to every position on the fire team. The Reveal FirePRO X can now be charged using a four-station charging dock priced at US$ 399. The compact size makes the FirePRO X easy to carry and manage, while its high resolution and fast frame rate ensure superior images. Teledyne gas detection systems exhibited Teledyne displayed a range of gas detection systems, starting with the simple Protégé ZM carbon monoxide meter that can clip onto pockets, helmets, and EMS bags. A new product is the Gas Laser, a hand-held device that can quickly scan common venting points from a safe distance, in order to identify the presence of dangerous explosive gas. Teledyne recently acquired FLIR and the combined companies will provide a spectrum of imaging technologies and products spanning X-ray through infrared and from components to complete imaging systems. FDIC International’s Innovation Hub focused on new technologies coming to the fire service Innovation Hub FDIC International’s Innovation Hub focused on new technologies coming to the fire service, featured in a presentation theater on the show floor. Leading the initiative was SafeTech, a College Station, Texas-based non-profit organization, whose mission is to bring new technologies to first responders and armed forces. One featured company was Tracks North America, which provides unmanned vehicles with fork-lift capabilities. Another was Infysort, which makes superabsorbent pellets – ‘hyper-blown polypropylene sorbent nanomaterial’ that can absorb 50 to 60 times its weight in oil. Hale Products SAM control system HURST Jaws of Life demonstrated eDRAULIC 3.0, a new underwater power extrication tool The SAM control system, by Hale Products, is gaining in popularity, offering computerized/integrated water flow controls that manage a fire truck’s pump, tank, intakes and discharges using touch-screen display for simplified interface. The new SAM Smart Nozzle allows firemen to control flow from the end of the fire hose. HURST Jaws of Life demonstrated eDRAULIC 3.0, a new underwater power extrication tool that can withstand salt water. The Lifeline Firehose provides a source of continuous breathable air coming from the nozzle of a fire hose. The patented coupler design enables the continuous air supply, which can also be used to power air tools. Seeking to help small and medium fire departments replace paper documentation, incident management systems offer low-cost digitization. Environmental awareness From Rosenbauer A topic among fire apparatus companies is idle reduction systems designed to shut off the main engine in a fire apparatus when not needed, eliminating loud diesel engine noise and exhaust, while maintaining power for lighting and air conditioning, for example. It is a reflection of growing environmental concerns among fire manufacturers. For example, Rosenbauer’s Green Star system makes idle reduction easy, using electronic controls to shut down the chassis engine on-scene (if the fire pump is not engaged or no aerial operations under way), and starting a diesel-driven Auxiliary Power Unit (APU). Pierce Volterra zero-emissions pumpers The first Pierce Volterra zero-emissions pumper has been placed in service in Madison Pierce launched their Volterra platform of electric vehicles. The first Pierce Volterra zero-emissions pumper has been placed in service in Madison, Wisconsin. At FDIC International 2021, the Pierce booth included an electric vehicle technology kiosk and took attendees through the electric fire truck’s attributes. CMC Rescue Rope and Harness Systems CMC Rescue Inc. demonstrated rope and harness systems for rescue operations, including special duffle bags and access packs for easy transport of harnesses. The CMC Clutch is now available in 13 mm and 11 mm models, for hauling, lowering, ascending, descending, belaying and deploying twin-tension rope systems. The CMC Triskelion 10-foot tripod features rapid deployment, for example, over a hole where a rescue is taking place and is certified to NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) standards.

锂离子电池有助于全球废物发出
锂离子电池有助于全球废物发出

最近在英国Kirkdale垃圾场的回收设施中的最新火灾,在周日早些时候在北利物浦的天空中派出了烟雾。消防员们争取了12个小时的火焰,建议附近的居民在室内留下窗户关闭。大量的废料是炽热的,消防员使用了一台空中平台来达到一些截面的火灾。该活动代表了浪费和回收计划中火灾的挑战,这是一个重要的全球问题。垃圾,纸和塑料制品占几半的废物火灾。其他易于火的其他废物设施包括废金属,有机物,化学品,建筑和拆除(C&D)和e-Scrap。在美国,在2020年的废物和回收设施中报告了317名火灾,并在加州,俄亥俄州,德克萨斯州和纽约举行了大多数火灾。锂离子电池在废物流中的锂离子电池的贡献是全球废物火灾的一个因素,最近近期废物的原因是锂离子电池的使用(和处置)的升高。这些可充电电池在我们的便携式电子和电动汽车时代普遍存在。电池的内容物在压力下,因此任何穿刺都会在空气中产生反应,以产生热量,可以产生火。 There is also danger in the release of fluoride gases when the batteries ignite. Lithium-ion batteries in the waste stream are a factor in waste fires across the globe, including Japan, Austria, Sweden, France, German, the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada and the United States. Other Likely causes of waste fires Other causes of waste fires include aerosols, chemicals and butane cans; hot and dry environments; recycling of chemicals and hazardous materials; sparks from equipment; and arson. Some observers have suggested that the pandemic may have contributed to waste fires through the disposal of half-empty bottles of alcohol-based sanitizer, which are flammable. Enabling Early detection with thermal cameras Thermal cameras can be connected to sprinklers or automated fire doors to provide early response As the fire in Kirkdale illustrates, extinguishing a waste fire is time-consuming and resource-intensive. However, early detection can address the risk more efficiently. For example, thermals cameras can be used to monitor temperatures inside and outside a waste plant. The cameras can be programmed to provide an alarm when a predefined temperature is reached (as a warning), and again when a higher temperature is reached (an alarm). Smart algorithms enable these cameras to avoid false alarms triggered by, for example, sunlight or cars driving by. The cameras can also be used for routine inspections, for instance, to identify electrical faults, over-heating equipment and other potential ignition sources. Thermal cameras can also be connected to sprinklers or automated fire doors to provide early response. fire prevention plan Waste site managers should devise a fire prevention plan (FPP) that can minimize the likelihood of a fire, seek to extinguish fire within four hours, and minimize the spread of fire to neighboring areas. Fire is also used to manage and dispose of waste. As much as a billion tons of waste is burned in open and uncontrolled fires around the world each year, or almost half of the waste generated. Waste disposal fires typically burn at lower temperatures, and harmful substances such as dioxins can form when PVC plastic is burned, which can adversely affect human health. Burning plastics in open fires releases CO2 and other greenhouse gases, and plastics that are not totally burned can pollute nearby land and water. Burning waste can have negative consequences for the urban poor and waste pickers who are more likely to be exposed to it.

防火:成本与机会分析
防火:成本与机会分析

随着组织开始计划明年的经营预算,这是一个仔细观察防火的好时机,它的成本计算和它所提供的价值是什么。这是看与防火和寻找有关的政策和程序的完美时间,寻找改进和优化领域。为了帮助促进本讨论,我转向2017年消防研究基金会提出的报告,该报告基于从1980年至2014年收集的数据探讨了美国的总火灾成本。我欣赏数据的改善机会该报告本身有点日期,提出了对火灾的实际成本的看法,优先事项基于花费并凸显改进机会。该报告定义了总火灾成本,作为消防事故导致的所有净支出的集体和所有净亏损。该报告界定了总火灾成本,因为所有净消防净支出的集体良好的新闻是勤奋的工作,只能偿还损失,只有代表总成本的一小部分,预防为2731亿美元(占总数的83​​.1%),554亿美元(占总数的16.9%)。为了帮助运营商询问计划和预算我们挖掘数据的正确问题,并在2021/22中确定了您考虑的5个事实。防火投资事实#1在报告的14年期间,火灾总成本增加了50%,总损失减少了47%,总支出增加了140.6%。这告诉我,防火是优先价值,值得投资,它可以节省生命,从而减少整体丢失。但它还强调预算要求增长并可能继续增长。 Therefore, it is more important than ever before that we protect the investment in fire prevention, understand and maximize it, which as many knows is easier said than done! So, ask yourself, do you have a clear understanding of your investment, tools, and resources needed to stay safe and prevent fires? Do you have the data necessary to identify opportunities for improvement? Are you exposing operations to unnecessary risk? Fire grade products The costs of meeting the required standards within the system are passed down to the buyer Fact #2, Expenditure on fire grade products represent 16% of total costs at $54 B. This is the ‘cost of meeting ‘fire grade’ standards in the manufacture of equipment, particularly electrical systems equipment and ‘smart’ equipment with its greater use of computer components.’ These systems represent a significant investment for the operation, the costs of meeting the required standards within the system are passed down to the buyer and defines the quality of the system. Therefore, the question is, are the systems being properly maintained to maximize life span and ensure it maintains its fire grade standard? Are you adhering with manufacturer warranty requirements, will it work when needed? Large ongoing investment Fact #3, Expenditure on fire maintenance and fire retardants represents 13.4% of total costs at $44 B. This includes the ‘costs of fire maintenance, which was defined to include system maintenance, industrial fire brigades, and training programs for occupational fire protection and fire safety.’ Expenditure on fire maintenance and fire retardants represents 13.4% of total costs at $44 B Fire Retardants include the ‘costs of fire retardants and all product testing associated with design for fire safety.’ This represents a large ongoing investment in resources and budget for operations, the question is, are they being used efficiently, are they adhering to regulations, is the training being done? Is the money being well spent? Investment in fire prevention Fact #4, Expenditure on disaster planning and preparing/maintaining standards represent only 1.2% of total costs or $4 B. This represents the ‘costs of disaster recovery plans and backups’ and the ‘costs of preparing and maintaining standards.’ What jumps out at me on this one, is it appears to be a relatively small amount in relation to other areas, so the question becomes, is it being given the right priority, could we further reduce losses and maximize the investment in fire prevention if we improved how we planned for disasters and managed standards? Fire insurance expenditure Net fire insurance expenditure represents, 7% of total costs or $23.6 B Fact #5, Net fire insurance expenditure represents, 7% of total costs or $23.6 B. This is ‘defined as the difference between the insurance premiums paid by property owners (personal and commercial) for insuring their property from fire and the damages claimed from insurers.’ Which says investing in the insurance necessary to protect the operation has a sizable impact on the operating budget and you need it to be there and available if a fire strikes to ensure business continuity. Therefore, the questions to ask yourself are, if the insurance is needed, will you have the data to defend your claim? Or if it’s not needed because fire prevention is top notch, will you have the data to negotiate lower rates? How long will it take to compile the data necessary to support your argument, is the data believable? Other important questions There is no doubt, fire Prevention is an important and significant investment for organizations, but the question is, is there a better way of managing it, do you have the data necessary to ensure compliance with operating regulations, are staff operating efficiently, is the job getting done? Unfortunately for many, we simply don’t have the data necessary to answer these and many other important questions when it comes to planning and defending your operating budget. Fire prevention is complicated, the building code for commercial properties has over 200 pages Fire prevention is complicated, the building code for commercial properties has over 200 pages detailing the safety procedures, products and signs that must be installed and functioning 24hours a day, 7 days a week. That must be inspected and tested daily, weekly, monthly, yearly to reduce losses and improve safety. Fire prevention policies The challenge is not in understanding what must be done but in how we manage it. Many organizations are still relying on spreadsheets and signing off the ticket on the fire extinguisher for tracking and monitoring fire prevention procedures. Hoping that when a faulty, missing, or broken fire extinguisher gets identified that the right people are informed, that the issue gets addressed. This lack of visibility presents a lot of opportunities for something to go wrong, and when it does have dire consequences. It is our belief that it is time to digitally transform how we manage fire safety and procedures. Relying on the ways of yesterday, are no longer going to cut it and are actually exposing operations to more risk and cost than is necessary. Technology has evolved in ways that enable operations to cost-effectively eliminate the fear, uncertainty, and doubt in fire prevention policies and procedures and have the data to prove it!

变频