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技术和创新正在塑造消防行业的未来。2020年,TheBigRedGuide.com发表了许多涉及研究、开发和新技术的文章。

此综述将审查一些最受欢迎的文章,包括与原始内容的链接。

热成像和增强现实(AR)

结合热成像和增强现实(AR)技术使消防队员能够透过烟雾,有效地提高他们在火灾威胁生命的环境中的视力。

增强现实技术可以部署在附在头盔上的面罩上,一个固定的热感摄像机可以捕捉图像。这种产品的最新原型是一个坚固的头盔设计,经得起粗暴的处理。

该系统还包括增强热图像的软件处理,使消防队员能够更清楚地看到物体的轮廓,从而使他们能够在现场检测。

落基山研究站(RMRS)

蒙特州米苏拉落基山研究站(RMRS)的火灾研究项目,通过改善指标提高消防安全用于确定消防安全区域和逃生路线,改进和现代化火灾危险的确定,并开发系统和应用程序,如野火安全评估器(WiSE)和wildfireafe,以促进野外消防人员使用这些指标。

该项目还率先制定了情景规划和评估社区野火风险的指标。

物联网

物联网(IoT)正在扩大种类为公共安全而部署的技术能力,而智慧城市正在利用物联网数据提供洞见并改善运营。

美国国土安全部正在通过其科学和技术理事会的SCITI(发音为“城市”)解决方案实验室促进技术发展。SCITI代表智慧城市和物联网创新。

人群管理与消防研究基金会(FPRF)

消防研究基金会(FPRF)开发了一种计算机化的工具来提供数据人群管理在火灾紧急情况或几乎任何其他紧急情况下都可能是至关重要的。

消防研究基金会(FPRF)已经承担了一个项目,开发一种计算机化的工具,以基于视频的计算机视觉分析提供关于人群的数据和态势感知。

在COVID-19大流行期间,人群已经成为一种不寻常的现象,但生活迟早会恢复正常。当它发生时,糟糕的人群管理的安全后果将再次成为许多应急响应领域的首要问题。

GPS坐标的复杂性

一个解决紧急情况下GPS坐标复杂性的解决方案,“what3words”是一个简单的方法来识别精确的位置用三个词的独特组合。

消防和紧急服务机构的好处已经开始显现。

What3words地址更短,更容易通过电话理解,内置的错误预防技术允许紧急服务立即核实位置和纠正错误。

用于消防和防火的无人机

无人机,或者无人驾驶航空公司(无人机),正在扩大他们的实用性在消防和防火的竞技场,无论是在市中心的商业区还是在火灾普通的野生区。

在其他好处之外,无人机可以提供情境意识,引导应急响应,并在保持消防人员安全的同时执行危险职责。

无人机提供了一种用于在高层建筑物中灭火的新解决方案,这可能发生超出火喷嘴和救援梯子的抵达。

人工智能和机器学习

洪凯大学的学生和教师正在开发AI和机器学习(ML)算法全球的消防服务收集了大量数据,韩国首尔的大学正在研究如何修复数字使用人工智能(AI)更准确地预测火灾概率并将消防部门的资产引导到最能发挥作用的地方。

弘益大学的学生和教师们正在开发AI和机器学习(ML)算法,以预测火灾的概率,使当局能够采取行动,使城市更安全。

该项目使用了微软Azure机器学习工作室,这是一个面向数据科学家开发人员的门户网站。研究人员运行各种ML模块,直到他们能够以90%的准确率预测火灾。

消防队员的健康

消防员的健康、精神韧性和心理自我护理都可以从他们的手掌中获得;在一个智能手机应用程序

消防和警察机构可以通过一款反映各自机构身份和设计选择的应用程序,为他们的警员提供使用这些和其他自助工具的途径。

员工可以放心,该应用程序的使用是完全保密的。

跟踪曝光

在评估责任索赔、工人赔偿和职业健康索赔的覆盖范围时,跟踪消防员暴露在烟雾和致癌物质中的情况非常重要。

对消防员来说,追踪和记录暴露数据比以往任何时候都要容易国家消防行动报告系统(NFORS)曝光跟踪应用程序,由国际公共安全数据研究所(IPSDI)开发,作为NFORS分析数据系统的一部分。

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拉里安德森
拉里安德森编辑器中,TheBigRedGuide.com,诺丁山媒体

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FDIC International 2021审查:尽管八月热,在挥之不去的大流行中,展示胜利
FDIC International 2021审查:尽管八月热,在挥之不去的大流行中,展示胜利

自2019年以来首次在印第安纳波利斯回来,FDIC International 2021提供了全面的会议,动手培训和设备展览会。出勤率下降,但在取消和延迟造成的Covid-19大流行后,每个人都觉得很高兴回到展会上。尽管对Covid-19和Delta变体持续令人担忧,但掩蔽合规性很低。很少有社会疏远。在许多方面,该节目似乎回到了正常。该活动的亮点是国家堕落的消防员基金会(NFFF)9/11楼梯攀登。对于与会者来说,这是一个方法,以纪念并记住消防社区中的人,他们在9/11悲剧中给予了生命。数以百计的FDIC参与者通过攀登或走上世界贸易中心的110个故事等同于致敬。MSA的MANAR手持设备在始终如一,安全是FDIC展览中的巨大主题,包括在手持工具中的开发,安全是FDIC展览的巨大主题,包括手持工具的开发。MSA安全显示了新的月球手持设备,有助于将消防队连接,将方向和距离信息与热成像进行连接,以帮助查找分隔的队友并减少响应时间。 LUNAR uses cloud technology to increase fire-scene management capabilities for incident commanders. LUNAR can be used as a stand-alone device or as part of an MSA SCBA (self-contained breathing apparatus) system. Thermal imaging with edge detection identifies hot spots and ventilation points, so as to simplify navigation through low-visibility environments. Tethered drone and Reveal FirePRO X thermal camera FotoKite (Perspective Robotics AG), which has a joint development agreement with MSA Safety, featured a tethered drone that hovers over the site of an emergency, in order to provide networking capabilities through the tether for better connectivity. Seek Thermal offers the ‘smallest and lightest’ thermal imaging camera, available for US$ 799 and seeks to bring the benefits of thermal technology to every position on the fire team. The Reveal FirePRO X can now be charged using a four-station charging dock priced at US$ 399. The compact size makes the FirePRO X easy to carry and manage, while its high resolution and fast frame rate ensure superior images. Teledyne gas detection systems exhibited Teledyne displayed a range of gas detection systems, starting with the simple Protégé ZM carbon monoxide meter that can clip onto pockets, helmets, and EMS bags. A new product is the Gas Laser, a hand-held device that can quickly scan common venting points from a safe distance, in order to identify the presence of dangerous explosive gas. Teledyne recently acquired FLIR and the combined companies will provide a spectrum of imaging technologies and products spanning X-ray through infrared and from components to complete imaging systems. FDIC International’s Innovation Hub focused on new technologies coming to the fire service Innovation Hub FDIC International’s Innovation Hub focused on new technologies coming to the fire service, featured in a presentation theater on the show floor. Leading the initiative was SafeTech, a College Station, Texas-based non-profit organization, whose mission is to bring new technologies to first responders and armed forces. One featured company was Tracks North America, which provides unmanned vehicles with fork-lift capabilities. Another was Infysort, which makes superabsorbent pellets – ‘hyper-blown polypropylene sorbent nanomaterial’ that can absorb 50 to 60 times its weight in oil. Hale Products SAM control system HURST Jaws of Life demonstrated eDRAULIC 3.0, a new underwater power extrication tool The SAM control system, by Hale Products, is gaining in popularity, offering computerized/integrated water flow controls that manage a fire truck’s pump, tank, intakes and discharges using touch-screen display for simplified interface. The new SAM Smart Nozzle allows firemen to control flow from the end of the fire hose. HURST Jaws of Life demonstrated eDRAULIC 3.0, a new underwater power extrication tool that can withstand salt water. The Lifeline Firehose provides a source of continuous breathable air coming from the nozzle of a fire hose. The patented coupler design enables the continuous air supply, which can also be used to power air tools. Seeking to help small and medium fire departments replace paper documentation, incident management systems offer low-cost digitization. Environmental awareness From Rosenbauer A topic among fire apparatus companies is idle reduction systems designed to shut off the main engine in a fire apparatus when not needed, eliminating loud diesel engine noise and exhaust, while maintaining power for lighting and air conditioning, for example. It is a reflection of growing environmental concerns among fire manufacturers. For example, Rosenbauer’s Green Star system makes idle reduction easy, using electronic controls to shut down the chassis engine on-scene (if the fire pump is not engaged or no aerial operations under way), and starting a diesel-driven Auxiliary Power Unit (APU). Pierce Volterra zero-emissions pumpers The first Pierce Volterra zero-emissions pumper has been placed in service in Madison Pierce launched their Volterra platform of electric vehicles. The first Pierce Volterra zero-emissions pumper has been placed in service in Madison, Wisconsin. At FDIC International 2021, the Pierce booth included an electric vehicle technology kiosk and took attendees through the electric fire truck’s attributes. CMC Rescue Rope and Harness Systems CMC Rescue Inc. demonstrated rope and harness systems for rescue operations, including special duffle bags and access packs for easy transport of harnesses. The CMC Clutch is now available in 13 mm and 11 mm models, for hauling, lowering, ascending, descending, belaying and deploying twin-tension rope systems. The CMC Triskelion 10-foot tripod features rapid deployment, for example, over a hole where a rescue is taking place and is certified to NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) standards.

锂离子电池导致全球垃圾火灾
锂离子电池导致全球垃圾火灾

最近,在英国柯克代尔的Gaskells垃圾回收厂发生了一场火灾,周日凌晨,一波又一波的浓烟笼罩了利物浦北部的天空。消防队员与大火搏斗了12个小时,附近的居民被建议留在室内,关闭窗户。大量的废料在燃烧,消防人员利用空中平台到达火灾的部分区域。这次活动代表了火灾对废物和回收计划的挑战,这是一个重大的全球问题。垃圾、纸张和塑料制品几乎占垃圾火灾的一半。其他容易发生火灾的废物设施包括废金属、有机废物、化学品、建筑及拆卸(C&D)和电子废料。2020年,美国垃圾回收设施发生火灾317起,加州、俄亥俄州、德克萨斯州和纽约州发生的火灾最多。锂离子电池在废物流中的贡献锂离子电池是全球垃圾火灾的一个因素最近垃圾火灾增加的一个可能原因是锂离子电池的使用(和处置)的增加。在我们这个便携式电子产品和电动汽车的时代,这些可充电电池无处不在。电池内的物质处于压力下,所以任何刺穿都会在锂和空气中的水之间产生反应,产生热量,并可能引起火灾。 There is also danger in the release of fluoride gases when the batteries ignite. Lithium-ion batteries in the waste stream are a factor in waste fires across the globe, including Japan, Austria, Sweden, France, German, the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada and the United States. Other Likely causes of waste fires Other causes of waste fires include aerosols, chemicals and butane cans; hot and dry environments; recycling of chemicals and hazardous materials; sparks from equipment; and arson. Some observers have suggested that the pandemic may have contributed to waste fires through the disposal of half-empty bottles of alcohol-based sanitizer, which are flammable. Enabling Early detection with thermal cameras Thermal cameras can be connected to sprinklers or automated fire doors to provide early response As the fire in Kirkdale illustrates, extinguishing a waste fire is time-consuming and resource-intensive. However, early detection can address the risk more efficiently. For example, thermals cameras can be used to monitor temperatures inside and outside a waste plant. The cameras can be programmed to provide an alarm when a predefined temperature is reached (as a warning), and again when a higher temperature is reached (an alarm). Smart algorithms enable these cameras to avoid false alarms triggered by, for example, sunlight or cars driving by. The cameras can also be used for routine inspections, for instance, to identify electrical faults, over-heating equipment and other potential ignition sources. Thermal cameras can also be connected to sprinklers or automated fire doors to provide early response. fire prevention plan Waste site managers should devise a fire prevention plan (FPP) that can minimize the likelihood of a fire, seek to extinguish fire within four hours, and minimize the spread of fire to neighboring areas. Fire is also used to manage and dispose of waste. As much as a billion tons of waste is burned in open and uncontrolled fires around the world each year, or almost half of the waste generated. Waste disposal fires typically burn at lower temperatures, and harmful substances such as dioxins can form when PVC plastic is burned, which can adversely affect human health. Burning plastics in open fires releases CO2 and other greenhouse gases, and plastics that are not totally burned can pollute nearby land and water. Burning waste can have negative consequences for the urban poor and waste pickers who are more likely to be exposed to it.

防火:成本与机会分析
防火:成本与机会分析

随着组织开始计划明年的经营预算,这是一个仔细观察防火的好时机,它的成本计算和它所提供的价值是什么。这是看与防火和寻找有关的政策和程序的完美时间,寻找改进和优化领域。为了帮助促进本讨论,我转向2017年消防研究基金会提出的报告,该报告基于从1980年至2014年收集的数据探讨了美国的总火灾成本。我欣赏数据的改善机会该报告本身有点日期,提出了对火灾的实际成本的看法,优先事项基于花费并凸显改进机会。该报告定义了总火灾成本,作为消防事故导致的所有净支出的集体和所有净亏损。该报告界定了总火灾成本,因为所有净消防净支出的集体良好的新闻是勤奋的工作,只能偿还损失,只有代表总成本的一小部分,预防为2731亿美元(占总数的83​​.1%),554亿美元(占总数的16.9%)。为了帮助运营商询问计划和预算我们挖掘数据的正确问题,并在2021/22中确定了您考虑的5个事实。防火投资事实#1在报告的14年期间,火灾总成本增加了50%,总损失减少了47%,总支出增加了140.6%。这告诉我,防火是优先价值,值得投资,它可以节省生命,从而减少整体丢失。但它还强调预算要求增长并可能继续增长。 Therefore, it is more important than ever before that we protect the investment in fire prevention, understand and maximize it, which as many knows is easier said than done! So, ask yourself, do you have a clear understanding of your investment, tools, and resources needed to stay safe and prevent fires? Do you have the data necessary to identify opportunities for improvement? Are you exposing operations to unnecessary risk? Fire grade products The costs of meeting the required standards within the system are passed down to the buyer Fact #2, Expenditure on fire grade products represent 16% of total costs at $54 B. This is the ‘cost of meeting ‘fire grade’ standards in the manufacture of equipment, particularly electrical systems equipment and ‘smart’ equipment with its greater use of computer components.’ These systems represent a significant investment for the operation, the costs of meeting the required standards within the system are passed down to the buyer and defines the quality of the system. Therefore, the question is, are the systems being properly maintained to maximize life span and ensure it maintains its fire grade standard? Are you adhering with manufacturer warranty requirements, will it work when needed? Large ongoing investment Fact #3, Expenditure on fire maintenance and fire retardants represents 13.4% of total costs at $44 B. This includes the ‘costs of fire maintenance, which was defined to include system maintenance, industrial fire brigades, and training programs for occupational fire protection and fire safety.’ Expenditure on fire maintenance and fire retardants represents 13.4% of total costs at $44 B Fire Retardants include the ‘costs of fire retardants and all product testing associated with design for fire safety.’ This represents a large ongoing investment in resources and budget for operations, the question is, are they being used efficiently, are they adhering to regulations, is the training being done? Is the money being well spent? Investment in fire prevention Fact #4, Expenditure on disaster planning and preparing/maintaining standards represent only 1.2% of total costs or $4 B. This represents the ‘costs of disaster recovery plans and backups’ and the ‘costs of preparing and maintaining standards.’ What jumps out at me on this one, is it appears to be a relatively small amount in relation to other areas, so the question becomes, is it being given the right priority, could we further reduce losses and maximize the investment in fire prevention if we improved how we planned for disasters and managed standards? Fire insurance expenditure Net fire insurance expenditure represents, 7% of total costs or $23.6 B Fact #5, Net fire insurance expenditure represents, 7% of total costs or $23.6 B. This is ‘defined as the difference between the insurance premiums paid by property owners (personal and commercial) for insuring their property from fire and the damages claimed from insurers.’ Which says investing in the insurance necessary to protect the operation has a sizable impact on the operating budget and you need it to be there and available if a fire strikes to ensure business continuity. Therefore, the questions to ask yourself are, if the insurance is needed, will you have the data to defend your claim? Or if it’s not needed because fire prevention is top notch, will you have the data to negotiate lower rates? How long will it take to compile the data necessary to support your argument, is the data believable? Other important questions There is no doubt, fire Prevention is an important and significant investment for organizations, but the question is, is there a better way of managing it, do you have the data necessary to ensure compliance with operating regulations, are staff operating efficiently, is the job getting done? Unfortunately for many, we simply don’t have the data necessary to answer these and many other important questions when it comes to planning and defending your operating budget. Fire prevention is complicated, the building code for commercial properties has over 200 pages Fire prevention is complicated, the building code for commercial properties has over 200 pages detailing the safety procedures, products and signs that must be installed and functioning 24hours a day, 7 days a week. That must be inspected and tested daily, weekly, monthly, yearly to reduce losses and improve safety. Fire prevention policies The challenge is not in understanding what must be done but in how we manage it. Many organizations are still relying on spreadsheets and signing off the ticket on the fire extinguisher for tracking and monitoring fire prevention procedures. Hoping that when a faulty, missing, or broken fire extinguisher gets identified that the right people are informed, that the issue gets addressed. This lack of visibility presents a lot of opportunities for something to go wrong, and when it does have dire consequences. It is our belief that it is time to digitally transform how we manage fire safety and procedures. Relying on the ways of yesterday, are no longer going to cut it and are actually exposing operations to more risk and cost than is necessary. Technology has evolved in ways that enable operations to cost-effectively eliminate the fear, uncertainty, and doubt in fire prevention policies and procedures and have the data to prove it!

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