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浪费和回收企业的最大火灾风险是毫无疑问的电池浪费。您可以在儿童玩具,手机和其他通用WEEE(废物电气和电子设备)中找到电池,这些电池通过废物流处理,以及在机器和车辆中作为迈向更可持续的操作的一部分。在有电池的地方,有火灾风险。

詹姆斯山,销售和营销总监,消防盾系统,突出了电​​池浪费和回收公司的许多风险,并揭示了这些问题如何克服。

电池浪费有哪些风险?

无论它们的大小、形状或形式,对任何电池的主要关注都是热失控。当电池故障(由于损坏、过压或机械故障)产生多余的热量时,就会发生这种情况。反过来,这会产生更多的热量,迅速提高电池的温度。在这种状态下,如果不能迅速控制电池,它就会自我传播,产生自己的氧气源来推动火焰。然后在细胞之间扩散,产生大火、有毒气体排放,在某些情况下还会发生爆炸。

这种状态的电池非常难以控制或熄灭。通常情况下,在进入热失控后,电池将被自包含并留出随时间烧坏。因此,附近的机械,设备或任何其他有价值的资产将很可能会丢失,并且会有一个漫长的运营停机时间。

电池关闭
浪费和回收业务的最大火灾风险是毫无疑问的电池浪费

风险是如何产生的?

由于我们的迅速增长的电子产品,废物和回收站必须在废物流中处理浪费数量的电池。风险无处不在 - 甚至不同类型的金属都具有在可以回收之前首先移除的电气元件。

这很快成为一个大问题。最近几个月已经明显,从电池开始的众多废物和回收火灾,往往是不充分的保护。

例如,在生产可持续燃料的废气部位,如RDF(拒绝衍生的燃料)和SRF(固体回收燃料),在达到切碎之前筛选用于电池的废物流。但是,这些筛查并不总是成功的。当错过电池时 - 可以经常发生 - 它不可避免地被粉碎机损坏,触发热失控的第一阶段。当电池随着高度可燃的RDF和SRF而混合时,它会为火灾产生完美的条件。

类似的问题也发生在废物转运站。火灾经常发生在运送含有未检测到电池的废物的地点。这些电池很容易热失控。例如,它们可能在不知情的情况下被装载的铁锹击中,被重型机械压碎,或者被水损坏。

解决方案是什么?

电池本身在生产方面不会很快变得更安全。制定了行业指南以帮助控制风险,并为废物处理公司提供具体建议。然而,对于废旧和回收公司的电池火灾风险管理,仍然没有法律要求。

环境署(EA)鼓励地点评估其个体风险,并实施防火计划(FPP)以尽量减少它们,以便改善废物和回收业务的安全标准。

预防和抑制方案

最终,目标是通过冷却和控制潜在的电池消防风险来防止热失控,以最小化对周围可燃材料的风险。对于浪费和回收公司的电池消防风险仍然没有法律要求。

然而,废物处理迅速移动,并且涉及许多连接在一起的不同过程,包括扣押,分类,输送机和粉碎机,这会产生许多需要解决的风险。这也使得用传统检测系统识别电池火灾风险非常具有挑战性。

在与该部门的许多公司合作后,在识别和抑制电池火灾方面,热检测系统最适合废物企业,这是显而易见的。热成像,衬里热检测和红外线热检测是可以与废物处理流结合使用的系统。如果这些系统识别传送带上的过热,它们会发送信号以关闭整个过程。然后,像大炮或熟水系统一样的本地应用程序可用于抑制风险,最大限度地减少对周围资产的任何损坏,同时导致对废物过程的最小破坏。

如何防止电池起火?

电池对废品行业构成的威胁是真实的,而且还在上升。采取适当的消防措施防止这种危险:

  • 确保团队安全
  • 减少停机时间
  • 防止有价值的资产流失。

随着电力消耗的增加,我们丢弃的电力设备的数量也在增加,这意味着火灾风险只会增加。要了解更多信息,或预订免费的现场风险评估,请访问Fire Shield Systems或致电0800 975 5767。

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作者简介

詹姆斯山
詹姆斯山销售和营销总监,防火盾系统

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变频