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在消防行业的创新可能会慢慢前进,特别是与其他类似行业相比。这是因为立法,监管和执法,虽然部门内的所有必要的支持者,但通常可以减缓革命思想的潮流。然而,在这个行业中创新的能力可以完全是生死攸关的问题。

错综复杂的现代基础设施的发展和对更可持续解决方案的需求,也必须推动创新的需求。幸运的是,有许多公司处于行业技术和数字转型的前沿。在2019年6月的NFPA会议上,大部分讨论都围绕消防系统中的智能连接物(SCoT)展开。

智能技术

智能技术可以提供更准确、更高效的检查和测试,这本身就能够拯救生命

这些系统现在被建筑业主和服务提供商使用,以确定防火系统的条件,并帮助执行一些关键的远程测试功能——这在2020年当然是非常宝贵的。Smart Tech可以提供更准确、更高效的检测和测试,这本身就能够拯救生命和保护宝贵的财产。

例如,如果仓库配备了智能技术解决方案,可以观察建筑物喷水灭火系统内的水压和流速,用户可以实时查看每分钟的水量。这意味着,如果建筑物的某个特定部分发生火灾,喷水装置内的流速可以被引导到该特定区域,以尽可能高效、快速地灭火。

先进的感烟探测

消防品牌在开发符合2020年UL 268安全标准的烟雾探测器方面取得了巨大进步。新标准要求所有烟雾报警器和探测器必须符合两个关键标准:

  • 对新的聚氨酯泡沫试验的反应性增加。
  • 能够区分来自意外火源的烟雾气溶胶和来自烹饪源的烟雾气溶胶之间的差异。

基本上,家用烟雾探测器必须能够根据着火时发出的烟雾种类,了解材料之间的差异。探测器还必须区分作为烹饪副产品或“滋扰性”火灾产生的烟雾和可能威胁人类生命的真实火灾。

烟雾和火焰视频检测

新警报采用“TruSense技术”,旨在区分快速和阴燃火焰以及常见错误警报。开发这些技术的目的是希望屋主不会因为频繁的误报警而简单地拆除烟雾报警器或电池。视频图像烟雾检测技术已经在业界流行了几年,但现在正使用全视频检测作为补充,以进一步推动该技术的应用。

然后将通过软件处理视频图像,然后将夹子是否包含烟雾或火焰的软件进行处理

这项技术使用基于视频的分析算法,将摄像头集成到先进的火焰和烟雾探测解决方案中。然后,软件将对视频图像进行处理,然后判断剪辑中是否含有烟雾或火焰。用于区分烟雾和火焰的算法可以利用几种不同的度量,例如亮度、对比度和运动的变化。

细水雾抑制系统

根据现有系统的类型,这些识别工具甚至可以提供安全性和其他监视功能。这项技术非常适用于地表面积较大的场所,如发电厂、体育场馆、购物中心、仓库和配送中心,在这些场所,使用传统方法定位火灾可能特别困难。火焰视频系统追踪火源,以便更快、更有效地灭火和疏散。

任何行业的大多数企业都关心的一个主要问题是可持续性。细水雾灭火系统能够用比传统系统少得多的水灭火。水在极端压力下储存,并使用专用喷头和喷头释放。这使得水能够达到更大的表面积,因为水滴要小得多。

出口点技术

水雾抑制系统也被设计成通过阻挡辐射热和从原点点消除氧气来降低火灾和烟雾的区域。这些系统通常用于看到大量脚踏或建筑物的区域,其中水损伤的可能性是有害的。所有火灾报警系统必须包括通知设备,如钟声,角和频闪灯。

技术进步利用方向性声音帮助撤离者确定通往消防出口的路径

但现在最新的设备可以提供口头指示,告诉人们在发生火灾时该做什么,并告诉人们最近的出口在哪里。在现实生活中的紧急情况下,疏散很可能会受到黑烟和烟雾的阻碍。这显然使能见度受限,从而可能使出口标志难以看到。最新的技术进步利用方向性声音帮助撤离者确定位置和通往消防出口的路径。

新密封喷水灭火剂指导

这种可听到的声音是特别适合人耳的,这意味着人们可以很容易地确定方向和声音。虽然这个列表中之前的条目都是关于产品的,但与这些产品一起制定消防安全法规也是绝对重要的。这不仅确保了建筑内居住者的保护,而且也确保了建筑本身的结构。

例如,住房和地方自治团体对去年11月开始实施的适用于今年1月开工的建筑工程的《消防安全许可文件B》进行了修改。这些更新适用于顶层高于地面11米以上的公寓和混合用途建筑。这项立法的改变意味着,C-PVC洒水管道现在只需要用专业的、经过批准的产品来密封。住宅小区洒水系统的高度门槛从30米降低到11米。

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作者简介

肖美龙
肖美龙董事总经理,FireArrest

万一你错过了

联邦存款保险公司国际2021年评论:尽管8月炎热,但在挥之不去的大流行中,节目取得了胜利
联邦存款保险公司国际2021年评论:尽管8月炎热,但在挥之不去的大流行中,节目取得了胜利

自2019年以来首次在印第安纳波利斯回来,FDIC International 2021提供了全面的会议,动手培训和设备展览会。出勤率下降,但在取消和延迟造成的Covid-19大流行后,每个人都觉得很高兴回到展会上。尽管对Covid-19和Delta变体持续令人担忧,但掩蔽合规性很低。很少有社会疏远。在许多方面,该节目似乎回到了正常。该活动的亮点是国家堕落的消防员基金会(NFFF)9/11楼梯攀登。对于与会者来说,这是一个方法,以纪念并记住消防社区中的人,他们在9/11悲剧中给予了生命。数以百计的FDIC参与者通过攀登或走上世界贸易中心的110个故事等同于致敬。MSA的MANAR手持设备在始终如一,安全是FDIC展览中的巨大主题,包括在手持工具中的开发,安全是FDIC展览的巨大主题,包括手持工具的开发。MSA安全显示了新的月球手持设备,有助于将消防队连接,将方向和距离信息与热成像进行连接,以帮助查找分隔的队友并减少响应时间。 LUNAR uses cloud technology to increase fire-scene management capabilities for incident commanders. LUNAR can be used as a stand-alone device or as part of an MSA SCBA (self-contained breathing apparatus) system. Thermal imaging with edge detection identifies hot spots and ventilation points, so as to simplify navigation through low-visibility environments. Tethered drone and Reveal FirePRO X thermal camera FotoKite (Perspective Robotics AG), which has a joint development agreement with MSA Safety, featured a tethered drone that hovers over the site of an emergency, in order to provide networking capabilities through the tether for better connectivity. Seek Thermal offers the ‘smallest and lightest’ thermal imaging camera, available for US$ 799 and seeks to bring the benefits of thermal technology to every position on the fire team. The Reveal FirePRO X can now be charged using a four-station charging dock priced at US$ 399. The compact size makes the FirePRO X easy to carry and manage, while its high resolution and fast frame rate ensure superior images. Teledyne gas detection systems exhibited Teledyne displayed a range of gas detection systems, starting with the simple Protégé ZM carbon monoxide meter that can clip onto pockets, helmets, and EMS bags. A new product is the Gas Laser, a hand-held device that can quickly scan common venting points from a safe distance, in order to identify the presence of dangerous explosive gas. Teledyne recently acquired FLIR and the combined companies will provide a spectrum of imaging technologies and products spanning X-ray through infrared and from components to complete imaging systems. FDIC International’s Innovation Hub focused on new technologies coming to the fire service Innovation Hub FDIC International’s Innovation Hub focused on new technologies coming to the fire service, featured in a presentation theater on the show floor. Leading the initiative was SafeTech, a College Station, Texas-based non-profit organization, whose mission is to bring new technologies to first responders and armed forces. One featured company was Tracks North America, which provides unmanned vehicles with fork-lift capabilities. Another was Infysort, which makes superabsorbent pellets – ‘hyper-blown polypropylene sorbent nanomaterial’ that can absorb 50 to 60 times its weight in oil. Hale Products SAM control system HURST Jaws of Life demonstrated eDRAULIC 3.0, a new underwater power extrication tool The SAM control system, by Hale Products, is gaining in popularity, offering computerized/integrated water flow controls that manage a fire truck’s pump, tank, intakes and discharges using touch-screen display for simplified interface. The new SAM Smart Nozzle allows firemen to control flow from the end of the fire hose. HURST Jaws of Life demonstrated eDRAULIC 3.0, a new underwater power extrication tool that can withstand salt water. The Lifeline Firehose provides a source of continuous breathable air coming from the nozzle of a fire hose. The patented coupler design enables the continuous air supply, which can also be used to power air tools. Seeking to help small and medium fire departments replace paper documentation, incident management systems offer low-cost digitization. Environmental awareness From Rosenbauer A topic among fire apparatus companies is idle reduction systems designed to shut off the main engine in a fire apparatus when not needed, eliminating loud diesel engine noise and exhaust, while maintaining power for lighting and air conditioning, for example. It is a reflection of growing environmental concerns among fire manufacturers. For example, Rosenbauer’s Green Star system makes idle reduction easy, using electronic controls to shut down the chassis engine on-scene (if the fire pump is not engaged or no aerial operations under way), and starting a diesel-driven Auxiliary Power Unit (APU). Pierce Volterra zero-emissions pumpers The first Pierce Volterra zero-emissions pumper has been placed in service in Madison Pierce launched their Volterra platform of electric vehicles. The first Pierce Volterra zero-emissions pumper has been placed in service in Madison, Wisconsin. At FDIC International 2021, the Pierce booth included an electric vehicle technology kiosk and took attendees through the electric fire truck’s attributes. CMC Rescue Rope and Harness Systems CMC Rescue Inc. demonstrated rope and harness systems for rescue operations, including special duffle bags and access packs for easy transport of harnesses. The CMC Clutch is now available in 13 mm and 11 mm models, for hauling, lowering, ascending, descending, belaying and deploying twin-tension rope systems. The CMC Triskelion 10-foot tripod features rapid deployment, for example, over a hole where a rescue is taking place and is certified to NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) standards.

锂离子电池导致全球垃圾火灾
锂离子电池导致全球垃圾火灾

最近,在英国柯克代尔的Gaskells垃圾回收厂发生了一场火灾,周日凌晨,一波又一波的浓烟笼罩了利物浦北部的天空。消防队员与大火搏斗了12个小时,附近的居民被建议留在室内,关闭窗户。大量的废料在燃烧,消防人员利用空中平台到达火灾的部分区域。这次活动代表了火灾对废物和回收计划的挑战,这是一个重大的全球问题。垃圾、纸张和塑料制品几乎占垃圾火灾的一半。其他容易发生火灾的废物设施包括废金属、有机废物、化学品、建筑及拆卸(C&D)和电子废料。2020年,美国垃圾回收设施发生火灾317起,加州、俄亥俄州、德克萨斯州和纽约州发生的火灾最多。锂离子电池在废物流中的贡献锂离子电池是全球垃圾火灾的一个因素最近垃圾火灾增加的一个可能原因是锂离子电池的使用(和处置)的增加。在我们这个便携式电子产品和电动汽车的时代,这些可充电电池无处不在。电池内的物质处于压力下,所以任何刺穿都会在锂和空气中的水之间产生反应,产生热量,并可能引起火灾。 There is also danger in the release of fluoride gases when the batteries ignite. Lithium-ion batteries in the waste stream are a factor in waste fires across the globe, including Japan, Austria, Sweden, France, German, the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada and the United States. Other Likely causes of waste fires Other causes of waste fires include aerosols, chemicals and butane cans; hot and dry environments; recycling of chemicals and hazardous materials; sparks from equipment; and arson. Some observers have suggested that the pandemic may have contributed to waste fires through the disposal of half-empty bottles of alcohol-based sanitizer, which are flammable. Enabling Early detection with thermal cameras Thermal cameras can be connected to sprinklers or automated fire doors to provide early response As the fire in Kirkdale illustrates, extinguishing a waste fire is time-consuming and resource-intensive. However, early detection can address the risk more efficiently. For example, thermals cameras can be used to monitor temperatures inside and outside a waste plant. The cameras can be programmed to provide an alarm when a predefined temperature is reached (as a warning), and again when a higher temperature is reached (an alarm). Smart algorithms enable these cameras to avoid false alarms triggered by, for example, sunlight or cars driving by. The cameras can also be used for routine inspections, for instance, to identify electrical faults, over-heating equipment and other potential ignition sources. Thermal cameras can also be connected to sprinklers or automated fire doors to provide early response. fire prevention plan Waste site managers should devise a fire prevention plan (FPP) that can minimize the likelihood of a fire, seek to extinguish fire within four hours, and minimize the spread of fire to neighboring areas. Fire is also used to manage and dispose of waste. As much as a billion tons of waste is burned in open and uncontrolled fires around the world each year, or almost half of the waste generated. Waste disposal fires typically burn at lower temperatures, and harmful substances such as dioxins can form when PVC plastic is burned, which can adversely affect human health. Burning plastics in open fires releases CO2 and other greenhouse gases, and plastics that are not totally burned can pollute nearby land and water. Burning waste can have negative consequences for the urban poor and waste pickers who are more likely to be exposed to it.

防火:成本与机会分析
防火:成本与机会分析

随着组织开始计划明年的经营预算,这是一个仔细观察防火的好时机,它的成本计算和它所提供的价值是什么。这是看与防火和寻找有关的政策和程序的完美时间,寻找改进和优化领域。为了帮助促进本讨论,我转向2017年消防研究基金会提出的报告,该报告基于从1980年至2014年收集的数据探讨了美国的总火灾成本。我欣赏数据的改善机会该报告本身有点日期,提出了对火灾的实际成本的看法,优先事项基于花费并凸显改进机会。该报告定义了总火灾成本,作为消防事故导致的所有净支出的集体和所有净亏损。该报告界定了总火灾成本,因为所有净消防净支出的集体良好的新闻是勤奋的工作,只能偿还损失,只有代表总成本的一小部分,预防为2731亿美元(占总数的83​​.1%),554亿美元(占总数的16.9%)。为了帮助运营商询问计划和预算我们挖掘数据的正确问题,并在2021/22中确定了您考虑的5个事实。防火投资事实#1在报告的14年期间,火灾总成本增加了50%,总损失减少了47%,总支出增加了140.6%。这告诉我,防火是优先价值,值得投资,它可以节省生命,从而减少整体丢失。但它还强调预算要求增长并可能继续增长。 Therefore, it is more important than ever before that we protect the investment in fire prevention, understand and maximize it, which as many knows is easier said than done! So, ask yourself, do you have a clear understanding of your investment, tools, and resources needed to stay safe and prevent fires? Do you have the data necessary to identify opportunities for improvement? Are you exposing operations to unnecessary risk? Fire grade products The costs of meeting the required standards within the system are passed down to the buyer Fact #2, Expenditure on fire grade products represent 16% of total costs at $54 B. This is the ‘cost of meeting ‘fire grade’ standards in the manufacture of equipment, particularly electrical systems equipment and ‘smart’ equipment with its greater use of computer components.’ These systems represent a significant investment for the operation, the costs of meeting the required standards within the system are passed down to the buyer and defines the quality of the system. Therefore, the question is, are the systems being properly maintained to maximize life span and ensure it maintains its fire grade standard? Are you adhering with manufacturer warranty requirements, will it work when needed? Large ongoing investment Fact #3, Expenditure on fire maintenance and fire retardants represents 13.4% of total costs at $44 B. This includes the ‘costs of fire maintenance, which was defined to include system maintenance, industrial fire brigades, and training programs for occupational fire protection and fire safety.’ Expenditure on fire maintenance and fire retardants represents 13.4% of total costs at $44 B Fire Retardants include the ‘costs of fire retardants and all product testing associated with design for fire safety.’ This represents a large ongoing investment in resources and budget for operations, the question is, are they being used efficiently, are they adhering to regulations, is the training being done? Is the money being well spent? Investment in fire prevention Fact #4, Expenditure on disaster planning and preparing/maintaining standards represent only 1.2% of total costs or $4 B. This represents the ‘costs of disaster recovery plans and backups’ and the ‘costs of preparing and maintaining standards.’ What jumps out at me on this one, is it appears to be a relatively small amount in relation to other areas, so the question becomes, is it being given the right priority, could we further reduce losses and maximize the investment in fire prevention if we improved how we planned for disasters and managed standards? Fire insurance expenditure Net fire insurance expenditure represents, 7% of total costs or $23.6 B Fact #5, Net fire insurance expenditure represents, 7% of total costs or $23.6 B. This is ‘defined as the difference between the insurance premiums paid by property owners (personal and commercial) for insuring their property from fire and the damages claimed from insurers.’ Which says investing in the insurance necessary to protect the operation has a sizable impact on the operating budget and you need it to be there and available if a fire strikes to ensure business continuity. Therefore, the questions to ask yourself are, if the insurance is needed, will you have the data to defend your claim? Or if it’s not needed because fire prevention is top notch, will you have the data to negotiate lower rates? How long will it take to compile the data necessary to support your argument, is the data believable? Other important questions There is no doubt, fire Prevention is an important and significant investment for organizations, but the question is, is there a better way of managing it, do you have the data necessary to ensure compliance with operating regulations, are staff operating efficiently, is the job getting done? Unfortunately for many, we simply don’t have the data necessary to answer these and many other important questions when it comes to planning and defending your operating budget. Fire prevention is complicated, the building code for commercial properties has over 200 pages Fire prevention is complicated, the building code for commercial properties has over 200 pages detailing the safety procedures, products and signs that must be installed and functioning 24hours a day, 7 days a week. That must be inspected and tested daily, weekly, monthly, yearly to reduce losses and improve safety. Fire prevention policies The challenge is not in understanding what must be done but in how we manage it. Many organizations are still relying on spreadsheets and signing off the ticket on the fire extinguisher for tracking and monitoring fire prevention procedures. Hoping that when a faulty, missing, or broken fire extinguisher gets identified that the right people are informed, that the issue gets addressed. This lack of visibility presents a lot of opportunities for something to go wrong, and when it does have dire consequences. It is our belief that it is time to digitally transform how we manage fire safety and procedures. Relying on the ways of yesterday, are no longer going to cut it and are actually exposing operations to more risk and cost than is necessary. Technology has evolved in ways that enable operations to cost-effectively eliminate the fear, uncertainty, and doubt in fire prevention policies and procedures and have the data to prove it!

变频