随着组织开始计划明年的经营预算,这是一个仔细观察防火的好时机,它的成本计算和它所提供的价值是什么。这是看与防火和寻找有关的政策和程序的完美时间,寻找改进和优化领域。

为了便于讨论,我查阅了美国消防研究基金会(Fire Protection Research Foundation) 2017年发布的报告,该报告基于1980年至2014年收集的数据,探讨了美国火灾的总成本。

改进的机会

虽然我承认数据本身有点过时,但该报告很好地展示了火灾的实际成本,重点在于支出,并强调了改进的机会。该报告将火灾总成本定义为所有消防净支出和所有火灾事故净损失的总和。

该报告将火灾总成本定义为所有消防净支出的总和

好消息是,艰苦的工作取得了回报,损失仅占总成本的一小部分,预防费用为2731亿美元(占总成本的83.1%),损失为554亿美元(占总成本的16.9%)。为了帮助运营商在规划和预算时提出正确的问题,我们深入研究了数据,并确定了5个因素供您在2021/22年度考虑。

防火投资

事实1:在报告所述的14年间,火灾的总成本增加了50%,总损失减少了47%,总支出增加了140.6%。这告诉我,防火是优先的,值得投资,它挽救了生命,因此减少了整体损失。但它也突显出预算需求正在增长,而且可能会继续增长。

因此,我们比以往任何时候都更重要,我们保护对火灾预防,了解并最大化它的投资,因为许多人说说比完成更容易!所以,问自己,您是否清楚了解您的投资,工具和资源,以保持安全和防止火灾?您是否拥有识别改进机会所需的数据?您是否将业务暴露于不必要的风险?

消防级产品

在系统内达到所需标准的成本被转嫁给买方

事实#2,消防级产品的支出占总成本的16%,为54亿美元。这是设备制造中达到消防级标准的“成本”,特别是电气系统设备和更多使用计算机组件的“智能”设备。

这些系统代表了对操作的重大投资,满足系统内所需标准的成本被传递给买方,并定义了系统的质量。因此,问题是,是否对系统进行了适当的维护,以最大限度地延长使用寿命,并确保它保持其防火等级标准?你是否遵守制造商的保修要求,在需要的时候它能工作吗?

大型持续投资

事实#3,消防维护和阻燃剂的支出占总成本的13.4%,为44b美元。这包括“消防维护成本,定义为系统维护、工业消防队、职业消防和消防安全培训项目”。

用于消防和阻燃剂的支出占总费用的13.4%,为440亿美元

阻燃剂包括“阻燃剂和所有与消防安全设计相关的产品测试的成本”。“这是对资源和运营预算的持续大量投资,问题是,它们是否得到有效利用,是否遵守规定,是否进行了培训?”这些钱花得好吗?

防火投资

事实#4,用于灾难规划和准备/维护标准的支出仅占总成本的1.2%,即40亿美元。这代表了“灾难恢复计划和备份的成本”以及“准备和维护标准的成本”。

跳出什么我在这一点上,它似乎是一个相对较小的数量相对于其他领域,所以问题就来了,它是被给予正确的优先级,我们能进一步减少损失和最大化投资防火如果我们改善我们计划在灾害和管理标准如何?

消防保险支出

净消防保险支出代表,占总成本的7%或23.6美元

事实#5,净火险支出占总成本的7%,即23.6亿美元。这是“被定义为财产所有者(个人和商业)为其财产投保火险与向保险公司索赔损失之间的差额”。

这表示投资保护该行动所需的保险对运营预算有很大的影响,如果火灾罢工以确保业务连续性,您需要它可以在那里提供。因此,要问自己的问题是,如果需要保险,您是否可以捍卫您的索赔?或者如果不需要,因为防火是顶部的缺点,您是否可以将数据谈判较低的速率?汇编支持您的论点所需的数据需要多长时间,是数据可信的吗?

其他重要的问题

毫无疑问,防火对组织来说是一项重要且重要的投资,但问题是,有没有更好的管理方法,你是否有必要的数据来确保遵守操作规程,员工是否高效工作,工作是否完成?不幸的是,对于许多人来说,当涉及到计划和维护运营预算时,我们根本没有必要的数据来回答这些和许多其他重要的问题。

防火复杂复杂,商业地产的建筑规则有超过200页

防火复杂复杂,商业地产的建筑规则超过200页,详细说明了必须安装和运作每周7天的24小时的安全程序,产品和标志。必须每天,每周,每月,每年进行检查和测试,以减少损失和提高安全性。

防火政策

挑战不在于理解必须做什么,而在于我们如何管理它。许多组织仍然依靠电子表格和签单来跟踪和监控防火程序。希望当发现有故障、丢失或损坏的灭火器时,通知正确的人,问题得到解决。这种能见度的缺乏为某些事情出错提供了很多机会,当它确实会产生可怕的后果时。

我们相信,现在是时候数字化地改变我们管理消防安全和程序的方式了。依赖于过去的方式,将不再有效,实际上会使运营面临比必要的更多的风险和成本。技术的发展使操作能够以低成本有效地消除防火政策和程序中的恐惧、不确定性和疑虑,并有数据来证明这一点!

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作者简介

丽贝卡Wormleighton
丽贝卡Wormleighton首席运营官,Zendelity

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FDIC International 2021审查:尽管八月热,在挥之不去的大流行中,展示胜利
FDIC International 2021审查:尽管八月热,在挥之不去的大流行中,展示胜利

自2019年以来首次在印第安纳波利斯回来,FDIC International 2021提供了全面的会议,动手培训和设备展览会。出勤率下降,但在取消和延迟造成的Covid-19大流行后,每个人都觉得很高兴回到展会上。尽管对Covid-19和Delta变体持续令人担忧,但掩蔽合规性很低。很少有社会疏远。在许多方面,该节目似乎回到了正常。该活动的亮点是国家堕落的消防员基金会(NFFF)9/11楼梯攀登。对于与会者来说,这是一个方法,以纪念并记住消防社区中的人,他们在9/11悲剧中给予了生命。数以百计的FDIC参与者通过攀登或走上世界贸易中心的110个故事等同于致敬。MSA的MANAR手持设备在始终如一,安全是FDIC展览中的巨大主题,包括在手持工具中的开发,安全是FDIC展览的巨大主题,包括手持工具的开发。MSA安全显示了新的月球手持设备,有助于将消防队连接,将方向和距离信息与热成像进行连接,以帮助查找分隔的队友并减少响应时间。 LUNAR uses cloud technology to increase fire-scene management capabilities for incident commanders. LUNAR can be used as a stand-alone device or as part of an MSA SCBA (self-contained breathing apparatus) system. Thermal imaging with edge detection identifies hot spots and ventilation points, so as to simplify navigation through low-visibility environments. Tethered drone and Reveal FirePRO X thermal camera FotoKite (Perspective Robotics AG), which has a joint development agreement with MSA Safety, featured a tethered drone that hovers over the site of an emergency, in order to provide networking capabilities through the tether for better connectivity. Seek Thermal offers the ‘smallest and lightest’ thermal imaging camera, available for US$ 799 and seeks to bring the benefits of thermal technology to every position on the fire team. The Reveal FirePRO X can now be charged using a four-station charging dock priced at US$ 399. The compact size makes the FirePRO X easy to carry and manage, while its high resolution and fast frame rate ensure superior images. Teledyne gas detection systems exhibited Teledyne displayed a range of gas detection systems, starting with the simple Protégé ZM carbon monoxide meter that can clip onto pockets, helmets, and EMS bags. A new product is the Gas Laser, a hand-held device that can quickly scan common venting points from a safe distance, in order to identify the presence of dangerous explosive gas. Teledyne recently acquired FLIR and the combined companies will provide a spectrum of imaging technologies and products spanning X-ray through infrared and from components to complete imaging systems. FDIC International’s Innovation Hub focused on new technologies coming to the fire service Innovation Hub FDIC International’s Innovation Hub focused on new technologies coming to the fire service, featured in a presentation theater on the show floor. Leading the initiative was SafeTech, a College Station, Texas-based non-profit organization, whose mission is to bring new technologies to first responders and armed forces. One featured company was Tracks North America, which provides unmanned vehicles with fork-lift capabilities. Another was Infysort, which makes superabsorbent pellets – ‘hyper-blown polypropylene sorbent nanomaterial’ that can absorb 50 to 60 times its weight in oil. Hale Products SAM control system HURST Jaws of Life demonstrated eDRAULIC 3.0, a new underwater power extrication tool The SAM control system, by Hale Products, is gaining in popularity, offering computerized/integrated water flow controls that manage a fire truck’s pump, tank, intakes and discharges using touch-screen display for simplified interface. The new SAM Smart Nozzle allows firemen to control flow from the end of the fire hose. HURST Jaws of Life demonstrated eDRAULIC 3.0, a new underwater power extrication tool that can withstand salt water. The Lifeline Firehose provides a source of continuous breathable air coming from the nozzle of a fire hose. The patented coupler design enables the continuous air supply, which can also be used to power air tools. Seeking to help small and medium fire departments replace paper documentation, incident management systems offer low-cost digitization. Environmental awareness From Rosenbauer A topic among fire apparatus companies is idle reduction systems designed to shut off the main engine in a fire apparatus when not needed, eliminating loud diesel engine noise and exhaust, while maintaining power for lighting and air conditioning, for example. It is a reflection of growing environmental concerns among fire manufacturers. For example, Rosenbauer’s Green Star system makes idle reduction easy, using electronic controls to shut down the chassis engine on-scene (if the fire pump is not engaged or no aerial operations under way), and starting a diesel-driven Auxiliary Power Unit (APU). Pierce Volterra zero-emissions pumpers The first Pierce Volterra zero-emissions pumper has been placed in service in Madison Pierce launched their Volterra platform of electric vehicles. The first Pierce Volterra zero-emissions pumper has been placed in service in Madison, Wisconsin. At FDIC International 2021, the Pierce booth included an electric vehicle technology kiosk and took attendees through the electric fire truck’s attributes. CMC Rescue Rope and Harness Systems CMC Rescue Inc. demonstrated rope and harness systems for rescue operations, including special duffle bags and access packs for easy transport of harnesses. The CMC Clutch is now available in 13 mm and 11 mm models, for hauling, lowering, ascending, descending, belaying and deploying twin-tension rope systems. The CMC Triskelion 10-foot tripod features rapid deployment, for example, over a hole where a rescue is taking place and is certified to NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) standards.

防火:成本和机会分析
防火:成本和机会分析

随着组织开始计划明年的经营预算,这是一个仔细观察防火的好时机,它的成本计算和它所提供的价值是什么。这是看与防火和寻找有关的政策和程序的完美时间,寻找改进和优化领域。为了帮助促进本讨论,我转向2017年消防研究基金会提出的报告,该报告基于从1980年至2014年收集的数据探讨了美国的总火灾成本。我欣赏数据的改善机会该报告本身有点日期,提出了对火灾的实际成本的看法,优先事项基于花费并凸显改进机会。该报告将火灾总成本定义为所有消防净支出和所有火灾事故净损失的总和。该报告界定了总火灾成本,因为所有净消防净支出的集体良好的新闻是勤奋的工作,只能偿还损失,只有代表总成本的一小部分,预防为2731亿美元(占总数的83​​.1%),554亿美元(占总数的16.9%)。为了帮助运营商在规划和预算时提出正确的问题,我们深入研究了数据,并确定了5个因素供您在2021/22年度考虑。防火投资事实#1在报告的14年期间,火灾总成本增加了50%,总损失减少了47%,总支出增加了140.6%。这告诉我,防火是优先的,值得投资,它挽救了生命,因此减少了整体损失。但它也突显出预算需求正在增长,而且可能会继续增长。 Therefore, it is more important than ever before that we protect the investment in fire prevention, understand and maximize it, which as many knows is easier said than done! So, ask yourself, do you have a clear understanding of your investment, tools, and resources needed to stay safe and prevent fires? Do you have the data necessary to identify opportunities for improvement? Are you exposing operations to unnecessary risk? Fire grade products The costs of meeting the required standards within the system are passed down to the buyer Fact #2, Expenditure on fire grade products represent 16% of total costs at $54 B. This is the ‘cost of meeting ‘fire grade’ standards in the manufacture of equipment, particularly electrical systems equipment and ‘smart’ equipment with its greater use of computer components.’ These systems represent a significant investment for the operation, the costs of meeting the required standards within the system are passed down to the buyer and defines the quality of the system. Therefore, the question is, are the systems being properly maintained to maximize life span and ensure it maintains its fire grade standard? Are you adhering with manufacturer warranty requirements, will it work when needed? Large ongoing investment Fact #3, Expenditure on fire maintenance and fire retardants represents 13.4% of total costs at $44 B. This includes the ‘costs of fire maintenance, which was defined to include system maintenance, industrial fire brigades, and training programs for occupational fire protection and fire safety.’ Expenditure on fire maintenance and fire retardants represents 13.4% of total costs at $44 B Fire Retardants include the ‘costs of fire retardants and all product testing associated with design for fire safety.’ This represents a large ongoing investment in resources and budget for operations, the question is, are they being used efficiently, are they adhering to regulations, is the training being done? Is the money being well spent? Investment in fire prevention Fact #4, Expenditure on disaster planning and preparing/maintaining standards represent only 1.2% of total costs or $4 B. This represents the ‘costs of disaster recovery plans and backups’ and the ‘costs of preparing and maintaining standards.’ What jumps out at me on this one, is it appears to be a relatively small amount in relation to other areas, so the question becomes, is it being given the right priority, could we further reduce losses and maximize the investment in fire prevention if we improved how we planned for disasters and managed standards? Fire insurance expenditure Net fire insurance expenditure represents, 7% of total costs or $23.6 B Fact #5, Net fire insurance expenditure represents, 7% of total costs or $23.6 B. This is ‘defined as the difference between the insurance premiums paid by property owners (personal and commercial) for insuring their property from fire and the damages claimed from insurers.’ Which says investing in the insurance necessary to protect the operation has a sizable impact on the operating budget and you need it to be there and available if a fire strikes to ensure business continuity. Therefore, the questions to ask yourself are, if the insurance is needed, will you have the data to defend your claim? Or if it’s not needed because fire prevention is top notch, will you have the data to negotiate lower rates? How long will it take to compile the data necessary to support your argument, is the data believable? Other important questions There is no doubt, fire Prevention is an important and significant investment for organizations, but the question is, is there a better way of managing it, do you have the data necessary to ensure compliance with operating regulations, are staff operating efficiently, is the job getting done? Unfortunately for many, we simply don’t have the data necessary to answer these and many other important questions when it comes to planning and defending your operating budget. Fire prevention is complicated, the building code for commercial properties has over 200 pages Fire prevention is complicated, the building code for commercial properties has over 200 pages detailing the safety procedures, products and signs that must be installed and functioning 24hours a day, 7 days a week. That must be inspected and tested daily, weekly, monthly, yearly to reduce losses and improve safety. Fire prevention policies The challenge is not in understanding what must be done but in how we manage it. Many organizations are still relying on spreadsheets and signing off the ticket on the fire extinguisher for tracking and monitoring fire prevention procedures. Hoping that when a faulty, missing, or broken fire extinguisher gets identified that the right people are informed, that the issue gets addressed. This lack of visibility presents a lot of opportunities for something to go wrong, and when it does have dire consequences. It is our belief that it is time to digitally transform how we manage fire safety and procedures. Relying on the ways of yesterday, are no longer going to cut it and are actually exposing operations to more risk and cost than is necessary. Technology has evolved in ways that enable operations to cost-effectively eliminate the fear, uncertainty, and doubt in fire prevention policies and procedures and have the data to prove it!

NFPA报告突出了降低火灾和死亡的进展
NFPA报告突出了降低火灾和死亡的进展

我们现在在美国看到的火灾比过去几十年要少。然而,从数据上看,如果你家发生火灾,你今天比40年前更有可能死亡。如今拥有人造家具和开放式平面图的家庭比过去的家庭燃烧得更快。火灾发生后,住户可能只有不到三分钟的逃生时间。每24秒,美国的消防部门就会对某个地方发生的火灾做出反应。在全国范围内,每3小时10分钟就有一名平民死于火灾,每43分钟就有一名家庭火灾受伤。美国消防协会(NFPA)的最新报告《1980年以来的美国消防安全》中提出了这些见解。该项目由NFPA赞助和执行,由消防研究基金会提供行政监督。该报告指出,自1973年发表具有里程碑意义的《美国燃烧》报告以来,在减少火灾和火灾死亡人数方面取得了很大进展。这份新报告着重于1980年以来的变化趋势。 Deploying sprinklers and smoke alarms The widespread use of smoke alarms in homes has been one of the biggest success stories in fire safety in the past 50 years The combination of an engineered solution enforced by codes and standards, and supported by public education has been effective in bringing down the number of reported fires and fire deaths. Adding sprinklers as an additional safety layer further reduces the fire death rate. The widespread use of smoke alarms in homes has been one of the biggest success stories in fire safety in the past 50 years, although 20.5% of single-family homes have no working smoke alarms, and 7.6% have no smoke alarms at all. Fire sprinklers control 97% of the fires in which they operate, although only 5% of year-round housing units have sprinklers. For homes, there has been a decline in the number of deaths per 1,000 reported fires in apartment buildings, while there has been an increase in the deaths in less regulated one- and two-family homes. Cooking, the leading cause of home fires More work is necessary. Cooking remains the leading cause of home fires and home fire injuries, and it is among the leading causes of home fire deaths. Cooking is the only major cause of fire that has resulted in more fires and fire deaths in 2014-2018 than in 1980-1984, which emphasizes the need for fire safety solutions in this area. The UL fire safety standards for new electric coil ranges are a step in the right direction, but more work is needed to ensure that something as simple as food preparation does not lead to death and destruction. Smoking, a major cause of home fire deaths Smoking has been the leading cause of home fire deaths for most of the last four decades and has remained the leading cause for 2014–2018 as a whole. Between 1980 and 2018, the annual number of home structure fires decreased from 734,000 to 363,000, while the number of deaths decreased from 5,200 to 2,720. Adjusted to 2018 dollars, the annual level of property loss remained relatively constant, decreasing slightly from US$ 8.7 billion in 1980 to US$ 8.0 billion in 2018. Injuries decreased during the time period from 19,700 to 11,200. When considering population, fire rates per thousand population has decreased from 3.2 to 1.1 during 1980-2018, deaths decreased from 22.9 to 8.3 per million population, and per-capita dollar loss decreased from US$ 38.4 to US$ 24.5. Fires in hospitals and nursing homes The NFPA study also analyzes fires involving hospitals and nursing homes The NFPA study also analyzes fires involving hospitals and nursing homes, as well as catastrophic multiple-death fires and fires in the wildland/urban interface (WUI), as they have the potential to cause significant human loss. Buildings such as hospitals, nursing homes, schools, and hotels have seen stricter requirements for fire safety in the last four decades and, as a result, catastrophic fires in these types of buildings are now rare. Great progress in preventing hospital fires Great progress has been made in preventing hospital fires. In 1980–1984, U.S. fire departments responded to an estimated average of 7,100 hospital fires annually, resulting in an average of five deaths per year. In 2014–2018, there was an estimated average of only 1,100 hospital and hospice fires that caused one death per year. None of the deaths in this period were patients. The wildland/urban interface (WUI) has grown, as has the intensity of the fire problem in these areas. WUI fires burn homes, cars, and a variety of other properties. Fatal injuries can occur in homes, outside, or in vehicles while trying to evacuate. Wildland fire season lasts longer due to human-caused ignition rather than lightning causes. Human-caused WUI fires made up 97 percent of WUI fires.

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