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随着各组织开始计划明年的运营预算,这是一个很好的时机来仔细研究防火,它的成本和它带来的价值。这是审视与防火相关的政策和程序并寻找改进和优化的最佳时机。

为了帮助促进本讨论,我转向2017年消防研究基金会提出的报告,该报告基于1980年至2014年收集的数据探讨了美国的总火灾成本。

改进的机会

虽然我很欣赏数据本身有点日期,但该报告展现了对火灾的实际成本的看法,优先事项基于支出并凸显改进的机会。该报告定义了总火灾成本,作为消防事故导致的所有净支出的集体和所有净亏损。

该报告界定了总火灾成本,作为消防保障所有净支出的集体

好消息是努力工作,损失只会代表总成本的一小部分,预防为2731亿美元(总数的83​​.1%),损失为554亿美元(占总数的16.9%)。为了帮助运营商询问计划和预算我们挖掘数据的正确问题,并在2021/22中确定了您考虑的5个事实。

防火投资

事实#1在报告的14年期间,火灾总成本增加了50%,总损失减少了47%,总支出增加了140.6%。这告诉我,防火是优先价值,值得投资,它可以节省生命,从而减少整体丢失。但它还强调预算要求增长并可能继续增长。

因此,保护防火投资,了解并最大化它比以往任何时候都更重要,这是许多人都知道的,说起来容易做起来难!所以,问问你自己,你是否清楚自己的投资、工具和资源需要保持安全,防止火灾?你有必要的数据来确定改进的机会吗?您是否将操作暴露在不必要的风险中?

防火等级的产品

满足系统内所需标准的费用将被传到买方

Fact #2, Expenditure on fire grade products represent 16% of total costs at $54 B. This is the ‘cost of meeting ‘fire grade’ standards in the manufacture of equipment, particularly electrical systems equipment and ‘smart’ equipment with its greater use of computer components.’

这些系统代表了对操作的重大投资,满足系统内所需标准的成本将被传递给买方并定义系统的质量。因此,问题是,系统是否正确维护以最大化寿命,并确保其维持其火级标准?您是否遵守制造商保修要求,它会在需要时工作吗?

正在进行大的投资

事实#3,消防维护和阻燃剂的支出占总成本的13.4%,为44b美元。这包括“消防维护成本,定义为系统维护、工业消防队、职业消防和消防安全培训项目”。

消防维护和阻燃剂的支出占总费用的13.4%以上$ 44 b

阻燃剂包括“阻燃剂和所有与消防安全设计相关的产品测试的成本”。“这是对资源和运营预算的持续大量投资,问题是,它们是否得到有效利用,是否遵守规定,是否进行了培训?”这些钱花得好吗?

防火投资

事实#4,灾害计划和准备/维持标准的支出只占总成本的1.2%或4美元。这代表了“灾难恢复计划和备份成本”以及“准备和维护标准的成本”。

是关于这个问题的是什么,它似乎是与其他领域的相对较小的数量,所以问题变成了,它是赋予正确的优先权,我们可以进一步减少损失并最大限度地提高对火灾预防的投资我们改进了我们如何为灾害和管理标准进行计划?

火灾保险支出

净火险支出占总费用的7%,即236亿美元

Fact #5, Net fire insurance expenditure represents, 7% of total costs or $23.6 B. This is ‘defined as the difference between the insurance premiums paid by property owners (personal and commercial) for insuring their property from fire and the damages claimed from insurers.’

上面说投资必要的保险来保护公司的运作对运营预算有相当大的影响如果发生火灾,你需要有足够的保险来确保业务的连续性。因此,你要问自己的问题是,如果需要保险,你有数据来捍卫你的索赔吗?或者,如果因为防火是一流的,所以不需要,你会有数据来协商更低的费率吗?要花多长时间来收集必要的数据来支持你的论点,这些数据可信吗?

其他重要问题

毫无疑问,防火对组织来说是一项重要且重要的投资,但问题是,有没有更好的管理方法,你是否有必要的数据来确保遵守操作规程,员工是否高效工作,工作是否完成?不幸的是,对于许多人来说,当涉及到计划和维护运营预算时,我们根本没有必要的数据来回答这些和许多其他重要的问题。

防火很复杂,商业地产的建筑规范有200多页

防火很复杂,商业地产的建筑规范有200多页,详细说明了必须安装的安全程序、产品和标识,以及必须每周7天、每天24小时运行的功能。必须每天、每周、每月、每年进行检查和测试,以减少损失,提高安全性。

防火政策

挑战并不是在理解必须完成的内容,而是我们如何管理它。许多组织仍然依赖电子表格并签署灭火器上的票证,以跟踪和监控防火程序。希望当错误,丢失或破碎的灭火器被确定出现了正确的人员时,这个问题得到了解决。这种缺乏可见性为某些问题提供了很多机会,而且它确实有可怕的后果。

我们认为是时候进行数字转换我们管理消防安全和程序的时候了。依靠昨天的方式,不再将削减它,并且实际上将运营暴露于更多的风险和成本。技术已经发展方向发展,使运营能够成本有效地消除防火政策和程序中的恐惧,不确定性和怀疑,并有数据证明它!

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联邦存款保险公司国际2021年评论:尽管8月炎热,但在挥之不去的大流行中,节目取得了胜利
联邦存款保险公司国际2021年评论:尽管8月炎热,但在挥之不去的大流行中,节目取得了胜利

自2019年以来首次在印第安纳波利斯回来,FDIC International 2021提供了全面的会议,动手培训和设备展览会。出勤率下降,但在取消和延迟造成的Covid-19大流行后,每个人都觉得很高兴回到展会上。尽管对Covid-19和Delta变体持续令人担忧,但掩蔽合规性很低。很少有社会疏远。在许多方面,该节目似乎回到了正常。该活动的亮点是国家堕落的消防员基金会(NFFF)9/11楼梯攀登。对于与会者来说,这是一个方法,以纪念并记住消防社区中的人,他们在9/11悲剧中给予了生命。数以百计的FDIC参与者通过攀登或走上世界贸易中心的110个故事等同于致敬。MSA的MANAR手持设备在始终如一,安全是FDIC展览中的巨大主题,包括在手持工具中的开发,安全是FDIC展览的巨大主题,包括手持工具的开发。MSA安全显示了新的月球手持设备,有助于将消防队连接,将方向和距离信息与热成像进行连接,以帮助查找分隔的队友并减少响应时间。 LUNAR uses cloud technology to increase fire-scene management capabilities for incident commanders. LUNAR can be used as a stand-alone device or as part of an MSA SCBA (self-contained breathing apparatus) system. Thermal imaging with edge detection identifies hot spots and ventilation points, so as to simplify navigation through low-visibility environments. Tethered drone and Reveal FirePRO X thermal camera FotoKite (Perspective Robotics AG), which has a joint development agreement with MSA Safety, featured a tethered drone that hovers over the site of an emergency, in order to provide networking capabilities through the tether for better connectivity. Seek Thermal offers the ‘smallest and lightest’ thermal imaging camera, available for US$ 799 and seeks to bring the benefits of thermal technology to every position on the fire team. The Reveal FirePRO X can now be charged using a four-station charging dock priced at US$ 399. The compact size makes the FirePRO X easy to carry and manage, while its high resolution and fast frame rate ensure superior images. Teledyne gas detection systems exhibited Teledyne displayed a range of gas detection systems, starting with the simple Protégé ZM carbon monoxide meter that can clip onto pockets, helmets, and EMS bags. A new product is the Gas Laser, a hand-held device that can quickly scan common venting points from a safe distance, in order to identify the presence of dangerous explosive gas. Teledyne recently acquired FLIR and the combined companies will provide a spectrum of imaging technologies and products spanning X-ray through infrared and from components to complete imaging systems. FDIC International’s Innovation Hub focused on new technologies coming to the fire service Innovation Hub FDIC International’s Innovation Hub focused on new technologies coming to the fire service, featured in a presentation theater on the show floor. Leading the initiative was SafeTech, a College Station, Texas-based non-profit organization, whose mission is to bring new technologies to first responders and armed forces. One featured company was Tracks North America, which provides unmanned vehicles with fork-lift capabilities. Another was Infysort, which makes superabsorbent pellets – ‘hyper-blown polypropylene sorbent nanomaterial’ that can absorb 50 to 60 times its weight in oil. Hale Products SAM control system HURST Jaws of Life demonstrated eDRAULIC 3.0, a new underwater power extrication tool The SAM control system, by Hale Products, is gaining in popularity, offering computerized/integrated water flow controls that manage a fire truck’s pump, tank, intakes and discharges using touch-screen display for simplified interface. The new SAM Smart Nozzle allows firemen to control flow from the end of the fire hose. HURST Jaws of Life demonstrated eDRAULIC 3.0, a new underwater power extrication tool that can withstand salt water. The Lifeline Firehose provides a source of continuous breathable air coming from the nozzle of a fire hose. The patented coupler design enables the continuous air supply, which can also be used to power air tools. Seeking to help small and medium fire departments replace paper documentation, incident management systems offer low-cost digitization. Environmental awareness From Rosenbauer A topic among fire apparatus companies is idle reduction systems designed to shut off the main engine in a fire apparatus when not needed, eliminating loud diesel engine noise and exhaust, while maintaining power for lighting and air conditioning, for example. It is a reflection of growing environmental concerns among fire manufacturers. For example, Rosenbauer’s Green Star system makes idle reduction easy, using electronic controls to shut down the chassis engine on-scene (if the fire pump is not engaged or no aerial operations under way), and starting a diesel-driven Auxiliary Power Unit (APU). Pierce Volterra zero-emissions pumpers The first Pierce Volterra zero-emissions pumper has been placed in service in Madison Pierce launched their Volterra platform of electric vehicles. The first Pierce Volterra zero-emissions pumper has been placed in service in Madison, Wisconsin. At FDIC International 2021, the Pierce booth included an electric vehicle technology kiosk and took attendees through the electric fire truck’s attributes. CMC Rescue Rope and Harness Systems CMC Rescue Inc. demonstrated rope and harness systems for rescue operations, including special duffle bags and access packs for easy transport of harnesses. The CMC Clutch is now available in 13 mm and 11 mm models, for hauling, lowering, ascending, descending, belaying and deploying twin-tension rope systems. The CMC Triskelion 10-foot tripod features rapid deployment, for example, over a hole where a rescue is taking place and is certified to NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) standards.

锂离子电池有助于全球废物发出
锂离子电池有助于全球废物发出

最近在英国Kirkdale垃圾场的回收设施中的最新火灾,在周日早些时候在北利物浦的天空中派出了烟雾。消防员们争取了12个小时的火焰,建议附近的居民在室内留下窗户关闭。大量的废料是炽热的,消防员使用了一台空中平台来达到一些截面的火灾。该活动代表了浪费和回收计划中火灾的挑战,这是一个重要的全球问题。垃圾,纸和塑料制品占几半的废物火灾。其他易于火的其他废物设施包括废金属,有机物,化学品,建筑和拆除(C&D)和e-Scrap。在美国,在2020年的废物和回收设施中报告了317名火灾,并在加州,俄亥俄州,德克萨斯州和纽约举行了大多数火灾。锂离子电池在废物流中的锂离子电池的贡献是全球废物火灾的一个因素,最近近期废物的原因是锂离子电池的使用(和处置)的升高。这些可充电电池在我们的便携式电子和电动汽车时代普遍存在。电池的内容物在压力下,因此任何穿刺都会在空气中产生反应,以产生热量,可以产生火。 There is also danger in the release of fluoride gases when the batteries ignite. Lithium-ion batteries in the waste stream are a factor in waste fires across the globe, including Japan, Austria, Sweden, France, German, the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada and the United States. Other Likely causes of waste fires Other causes of waste fires include aerosols, chemicals and butane cans; hot and dry environments; recycling of chemicals and hazardous materials; sparks from equipment; and arson. Some observers have suggested that the pandemic may have contributed to waste fires through the disposal of half-empty bottles of alcohol-based sanitizer, which are flammable. Enabling Early detection with thermal cameras Thermal cameras can be connected to sprinklers or automated fire doors to provide early response As the fire in Kirkdale illustrates, extinguishing a waste fire is time-consuming and resource-intensive. However, early detection can address the risk more efficiently. For example, thermals cameras can be used to monitor temperatures inside and outside a waste plant. The cameras can be programmed to provide an alarm when a predefined temperature is reached (as a warning), and again when a higher temperature is reached (an alarm). Smart algorithms enable these cameras to avoid false alarms triggered by, for example, sunlight or cars driving by. The cameras can also be used for routine inspections, for instance, to identify electrical faults, over-heating equipment and other potential ignition sources. Thermal cameras can also be connected to sprinklers or automated fire doors to provide early response. fire prevention plan Waste site managers should devise a fire prevention plan (FPP) that can minimize the likelihood of a fire, seek to extinguish fire within four hours, and minimize the spread of fire to neighboring areas. Fire is also used to manage and dispose of waste. As much as a billion tons of waste is burned in open and uncontrolled fires around the world each year, or almost half of the waste generated. Waste disposal fires typically burn at lower temperatures, and harmful substances such as dioxins can form when PVC plastic is burned, which can adversely affect human health. Burning plastics in open fires releases CO2 and other greenhouse gases, and plastics that are not totally burned can pollute nearby land and water. Burning waste can have negative consequences for the urban poor and waste pickers who are more likely to be exposed to it.

防火:成本与机会分析
防火:成本与机会分析

随着各组织开始计划明年的运营预算,这是一个很好的时机来仔细研究防火,它的成本和它带来的价值。这是审视与防火相关的政策和程序并寻找改进和优化的最佳时机。为了帮助促进本讨论,我转向2017年消防研究基金会提出的报告,该报告基于从1980年至2014年收集的数据探讨了美国的总火灾成本。我欣赏数据的改善机会该报告本身有点日期,提出了对火灾的实际成本的看法,优先事项基于花费并凸显改进机会。该报告定义了总火灾成本,作为消防事故导致的所有净支出的集体和所有净亏损。该报告界定了总火灾成本,因为所有净消防净支出的集体良好的新闻是勤奋的工作,只能偿还损失,只有代表总成本的一小部分,预防为2731亿美元(占总数的83​​.1%),554亿美元(占总数的16.9%)。为了帮助运营商询问计划和预算我们挖掘数据的正确问题,并在2021/22中确定了您考虑的5个事实。防火投资事实#1在报告的14年期间,火灾总成本增加了50%,总损失减少了47%,总支出增加了140.6%。这告诉我,防火是优先价值,值得投资,它可以节省生命,从而减少整体丢失。但它还强调预算要求增长并可能继续增长。 Therefore, it is more important than ever before that we protect the investment in fire prevention, understand and maximize it, which as many knows is easier said than done! So, ask yourself, do you have a clear understanding of your investment, tools, and resources needed to stay safe and prevent fires? Do you have the data necessary to identify opportunities for improvement? Are you exposing operations to unnecessary risk? Fire grade products The costs of meeting the required standards within the system are passed down to the buyer Fact #2, Expenditure on fire grade products represent 16% of total costs at $54 B. This is the ‘cost of meeting ‘fire grade’ standards in the manufacture of equipment, particularly electrical systems equipment and ‘smart’ equipment with its greater use of computer components.’ These systems represent a significant investment for the operation, the costs of meeting the required standards within the system are passed down to the buyer and defines the quality of the system. Therefore, the question is, are the systems being properly maintained to maximize life span and ensure it maintains its fire grade standard? Are you adhering with manufacturer warranty requirements, will it work when needed? Large ongoing investment Fact #3, Expenditure on fire maintenance and fire retardants represents 13.4% of total costs at $44 B. This includes the ‘costs of fire maintenance, which was defined to include system maintenance, industrial fire brigades, and training programs for occupational fire protection and fire safety.’ Expenditure on fire maintenance and fire retardants represents 13.4% of total costs at $44 B Fire Retardants include the ‘costs of fire retardants and all product testing associated with design for fire safety.’ This represents a large ongoing investment in resources and budget for operations, the question is, are they being used efficiently, are they adhering to regulations, is the training being done? Is the money being well spent? Investment in fire prevention Fact #4, Expenditure on disaster planning and preparing/maintaining standards represent only 1.2% of total costs or $4 B. This represents the ‘costs of disaster recovery plans and backups’ and the ‘costs of preparing and maintaining standards.’ What jumps out at me on this one, is it appears to be a relatively small amount in relation to other areas, so the question becomes, is it being given the right priority, could we further reduce losses and maximize the investment in fire prevention if we improved how we planned for disasters and managed standards? Fire insurance expenditure Net fire insurance expenditure represents, 7% of total costs or $23.6 B Fact #5, Net fire insurance expenditure represents, 7% of total costs or $23.6 B. This is ‘defined as the difference between the insurance premiums paid by property owners (personal and commercial) for insuring their property from fire and the damages claimed from insurers.’ Which says investing in the insurance necessary to protect the operation has a sizable impact on the operating budget and you need it to be there and available if a fire strikes to ensure business continuity. Therefore, the questions to ask yourself are, if the insurance is needed, will you have the data to defend your claim? Or if it’s not needed because fire prevention is top notch, will you have the data to negotiate lower rates? How long will it take to compile the data necessary to support your argument, is the data believable? Other important questions There is no doubt, fire Prevention is an important and significant investment for organizations, but the question is, is there a better way of managing it, do you have the data necessary to ensure compliance with operating regulations, are staff operating efficiently, is the job getting done? Unfortunately for many, we simply don’t have the data necessary to answer these and many other important questions when it comes to planning and defending your operating budget. Fire prevention is complicated, the building code for commercial properties has over 200 pages Fire prevention is complicated, the building code for commercial properties has over 200 pages detailing the safety procedures, products and signs that must be installed and functioning 24hours a day, 7 days a week. That must be inspected and tested daily, weekly, monthly, yearly to reduce losses and improve safety. Fire prevention policies The challenge is not in understanding what must be done but in how we manage it. Many organizations are still relying on spreadsheets and signing off the ticket on the fire extinguisher for tracking and monitoring fire prevention procedures. Hoping that when a faulty, missing, or broken fire extinguisher gets identified that the right people are informed, that the issue gets addressed. This lack of visibility presents a lot of opportunities for something to go wrong, and when it does have dire consequences. It is our belief that it is time to digitally transform how we manage fire safety and procedures. Relying on the ways of yesterday, are no longer going to cut it and are actually exposing operations to more risk and cost than is necessary. Technology has evolved in ways that enable operations to cost-effectively eliminate the fear, uncertainty, and doubt in fire prevention policies and procedures and have the data to prove it!

变频